[World Multiple Sclerosis Day]
What is multiple sclerosis?
Multiple sclerosis is an unpredictable disabling central nervous system disease involving the brain and spinal cord. It disrupts the flow of information within the brain and between the brain and the body.
The body’s immune system attacks the protective sheath, myelin which covers the nerve fibers and as a result, these damaged myelin will interrupt the transmission of nerve impulses from between the brain and spinal cord.
Unfortunately, the causes still remains unknown. According to Multiple Sclerosis Society, scientists believe that it involves the interaction between some different factors. Studies on the etiology are still ongoing in order to assist in finding the cure and ways to prevent it in the first place.
The signs and symptoms of this disease may differ for every patient such as;
1)Numbness or weakness in one or more limbs that typically occurs on one side of the body at a time, or the legs and trunk
2)Partial or complete loss of vision, usually in one eye at a time, often with pain during eye movement
3)Prolonged double vision
5)Pain or tingling sensation
Thus, the purpose of this day is to raise the awareness of multiple sclerosis by educating people and help empowering those who are struggling with the disease.